Drones are an increasingly established technological reality in the world. Their use is expanding to various fields, including the medical one, where they are being used, experimentally, in the distribution of vaccines against COVID-19. In terms of leisure, its use in different activities is also becoming widespread, such as drone racing, a competitive variant of its use that is gaining relevance, thanks to the facilities offered by the internet in terms of streaming vision. And in Spain, what is the current regulations regarding its use? We will explain it to you below.
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Regulations in force since 2021
In our country, the regulatory body for these aircraft is the State Air Safety Agency (AESA). It is also in charge of air transport, navigation and airport security. During this year, the publication of a Royal Decree is expected to regulate the flight of drones in Spain and update it with respect to European regulations. Until January 1, 2022, Royal Decree 1036/2017, of December 15, which modifies RD 552/2014, of June 27, is the one that governs.
Among the changes initiated this year, the distinction between flight for leisure or work is eliminated. For Security Forces and Bodies (FCS) the Official Drone Pilot License will continue to apply; For the rest of the people, in drones from 250 grams, it will be necessary to obtain a license proving a minimum of knowledge, flying the drones in the established categories.
General limitations of drone flight
There are specific limitations to respect, below:
- The drone must never exceed 120 m in height in flight.
- The drone must always be within visual range of the pilot (except in a specific category under STS BVLOS, that is, in a sparsely populated environment).
- Do not fly within a minimum of 8 km from any airport, aerodrome or controlled airspace.
- The drone must include a fireproof identification plate affixed to the structure that will contain data such as the manufacturer’s name, model, serial number (if applicable) and the pilot’s contact information.
- Liability insurance is not mandatory, but it is recommended to have one. The pilot will be responsible for any possible damage that the drone may cause.
- It is important to protect the right to privacy of the individuals that may appear in the photos or video captured by the drone and to take special care with their public disclosure so as not to violate the current Data Protection Law.
As always, common sense and good compliance with the established standards will allow us to enjoy these technological devices that are gaining more and more prominence and benefits for people and companies.
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