These days cataract treatment has evolved a lot and cataract surgery is the best way to deal with the problem. Let us discuss some crucial facts related to this cutting-edge treatment in the following sections of the blog post.
Cataracts and their types
Cataracts can be broadly divided into 3 types, namely:
- Nuclear sclerotic cataract
- Cortical cataract and
- Posterior sub-capsular cataract
Nuclear sclerotic is the most frequently found cataract types. This type of cases, the cataract finally clouds the central nucleus of the lens and that is why the term ‘nuclear’ is used in its name. Sclerotic on the other hand denotes hardening of that area around the nucleus of the lens. In the early stages, development of this particular type of cataract is known to improve an individual’s close-up vision although this effect is only for the time being.
Cortical cataract gets its name from the fact that it affects the lens cortex or the outer edge of the lens. As a result, light rays that enter into the eye get scattered and the person sees blurred vision. Patients of cortical cataract also develop the problem of depth perception.
Posterior sub-capsular cataract gets its name from the back or posterior surface of the lens being affected. Out of all other types, this particular type of cataract progresses very fast and a patient often complains about seeing a halo effect.
Cataract surgery lasts shorter than your lunch break
The surgical procedure is lightening fast and in most cases, it winds up within 10 minutes flat. However, in complex cases it may last up to 30 minutes, although an eye surgeon in London says those cases are rare.
The standard turnaround time for cataract surgery is 6 weeks. Usually patients get completely recovered after 12 weeks or 3 months from the date of surgery. But the results arrive much, much earlier. A large number of patients report clear vision just within a few hours of the surgical procedure. Others get their vision back within a few days to a week.
Clean and easy procedure
Earlier cataract surgery was a messy job and involved greater risk. A hollow needle was inserted into the eye while the surgeon’s support staffs sucked the lens nucleus with the mouth from the other end of the inserted needle. Now this entire procedure is done mechanically using a special device. Laser or ultrasound is applied to break down the cataract into tiny fragments. The fragments are then cleared away using the device.
Get back 20/20 vision
Cataract blurs your vision while the surgery restores your normal vision. Blindness resulting from cataract can be reversed with surgery. It is common for these patients to get back 20/20 vision after the surgery.
Cataract surgery and anesthesia
Local anesthesia is administered on a patient before the surgery to help him/her relax. Thus you feel no pain although you may feel little discomfort while the procedure continues.
Cataract does not grow back
The problem of cataract will never re-visit you once you have been operated upon. However your eye may grow secondary cataract, which is not actual cataract although it shows similar symptoms. Secondary cataracts are also fixed with fresh surgery sessions.
Healthy lifestyle helps preventing the problem
Cataract can develop in animals too – especially those that live long enough. A healthy lifestyle delays the formation of cataract.
One of the safest surgical procedures
Cataract surgery is one of the most hassle-free and safest surgical procedures that are performed in the present times. A negligible percentage of these patients undergo complications following the surgical procedure. These risks can also be worked upon to make them less severe provided they get detected early.
The procedure is steadily evolving
Cataract surgical procedure is steadily evolving. The latest technologies involve laser rays and image mapping. These improved technologies help ophthalmologists to make more precise incisions. Moreover, complications related to the surgical procedure are also reduced.
Diabetes makes you more prone to develop cataract
People suffering from the chronic health condition of diabetes are more likely to develop cataract at a younger age. These people particularly develop cortical cataract in the eyes.
No need to wait anymore for cataract surgery
Unlike that in the past, now cataracts can be surgically removed at any point in their formation. Previously, one had to wait till the cataract had matured enough to create severe effect in vision.
Fixing other vision-related problems with the modern surgical procedure
Specialist doctor who perform laser eye surgery in London have something important to point out in the ongoing context. According to them, modern eye surgeries do not only cure cataract problem but also prove effective in curing a wide range of eye problems including glaucoma, astigmatism, farsightedness, and nearsightedness and retinal tears. Most of these are severe vision-related issues and hardly had a proper cure in the past. In fact, modern eye surgeries are some of the most commonly performed surgical procedures all over the world.
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